Internal Medicine – A Field of Many Options

Internal medicine is divided up into several distinct and unique categories. This article talks about three of the most popular fields within the practice: cardiology, endocrinology and gastroenterology. Read below to find out more.

Internal medicine is the practice of diagnosing and treating diseases most commonly found in adults. While it is a particular field within the medical realm, it has several sub-fields within itself. Doctors who practice most likely specialize in a particular field of the practice for one reason or another. In this article we will discuss a few of the most popular fields and what doctors in that field specialize in.

Cardiology is a specific type of doctor that specializes in diagnosing, treating and preventing diseases within the heart and blood vessels. The heart is the second most important part of someone’s body, so naturally it makes sense to have a doctor that specializes in the care of it. The practice of cardiology can be one of the most lucrative careers for a doctor to pursue, so needless to say, lots of medical students go for the field. Unfortunately, only the students with the best test scores are able to achieve their dream of becoming a cardiologist.

Another form of internal medicine is the practice of endocrinology, which deals with the endocrine system. The endocrine system is the system within the body that produces hormones. Hormones are chemicals secreted by the endocrine system which are essentially messengers to the body that tell it what to do. For instance, the male hormone testosterone is what creates a deep voice, hairy body and penis development in a male. Although all organs produce hormones, endocrinology mainly focuses on the organs of the endocrine system. Most notably the pituitary, thyroid, and adrenal glands as well as the pancreas and reproductive organs like the testes in men and ovaries in women. The practice of endocrinology is also highly sough after by medical students because of its earning potential, but it as not as highly demanded as cardiology.

The last branch of internal medicine we will talk about is gastroenterology, which is the study of the digestive system and the treatment of its diseases. They basically cover the organs within the body that start with the mouth and end with the anus. This includes the small and large intestines, the stomach and the esophagus to name a few. This field has been around for awhile, but has been expanded upon greatly in the last 50 years due several groundbreaking discoveries within the field. Although gastroenterologists are close to the top of the highest paid doctors, they typically do not make as much as cardiologists. But needless to say, it is also a difficult field to enter due to the high competition in the medical field for the highest paying jobs.

There are dozens of fields that come under the realm of internal medicine. But the three referenced in this article are among the highest paying compared to the others.

The Facts About Internal Medicine Doctors

Internal medicine doctors focus on the prevention and treatment of diseases of the body and they focus on adult medicine. At least a few years of their education focuses on learning how to diagnose, prevent, and treat diseases,. Put simply, internists are also known as doctors of internal medicine or doctors for adults. They are also known as general internists.

Internists can deal with any problems that patients bring, no matter how simple or complex, how rare or common. They know how to solve complex problems and they can handle chronic conditions and situations where more than one sickness strikes at one time. They also educate people and teach them how to prevent problems of the ears, eyes, skin, reproductive organs, and nervous system. Internal medicine doctors take care of patients in nursing homes, hospitals, offices, and clinics.

Many of these specialists focus on general medicine, but some also specialize in other additional areas of medicine like cardiology, endocrinology, hematology, pulmonology, adolescent medicine, critical care medicine, geriatric medicine, hospital medicine, sleep medicine, sports medicine, and others.

You can find an internal medicine doctor by searching the Yellow Pages, online directories, and the search engines. The internet is an excellent resource of information. It can help you search for a doctor or specialist, and it will provide you with medical information when you need it. You can also read doctor reviews and find out a doctor’s rating online before you start making those phone calls. In addition, you can find a specialist by getting referrals from your family doctor, friends, and family members. Many options are available to you when it comes to finding a viable doctor. I have found several excellent websites that help people find doctors in their towns. You will also find the address and contact information for each doctor and specialist online, so you can contact them when you need to. Finding a great doctor who works with you to take care of you and listens to you is important when it comes to maintaining good health.

If you want to find the best specialist for your needs, make sure he or she is certified by the American Board of Internal Medicine, which only certifies subspecialists and internists who demonstrate the attitudes, skills, and knowledge essential for great patient care. Keep in mind that there are over 200,000 ABIM board-certified doctors in the country.

When you meet with specialists, make sure you ask questions. Find out what treatment options you have. Find out what treatment is going to cost you. Ask questions about surgery, tests, medicine, and recovery. Ask questions about your health, symptoms, condition, and body. Find out how you can prevent health problems. Investigating your options and choosing the best physician for you will give you peace of mind, so it is worth it.

Pros and Cons of an Internal Medicine Specialist

A doctor of internal medicine, also called an internist, specializes in diagnosing and treating adults. You can expect a physician of this type to be well-versed in many conditions that may plague patients during adulthood, as opposed to someone who treats children or patients of all ages. If you have the option to see this type of doctor, you should learn the pros and cons of doing so, compared to other doctors.

The main reason to see a doctor of internal medicine is that he or she focuses only on diseases that may appear in adults. For this reason, many physicians in this specialty know more about each condition than a general practitioner might, since the latter is not a specialist in the area. Therefore, even if you choose a general practitioner, you may be sent to an internist anyway when he or she cannot properly diagnose the issue. If you suspect the problem you have is rare or complicated, or your current physician seems to have never heard of it, you should likely see a doctor of internal medicine.

Of course, you should check with your insurance provider before you make this decision. Some providers require people to get a referral from their current practitioner before seeing a specialist. In addition, copays may be higher when you see a practitioner who specializes in any field. For this reason, if your insurance is restrictive or you are looking to save money on your copays, you might choose a general practitioner first. You can then switch to an internist if you need to in the future.

In addition, when you choose an internal medicine specialist, you cannot have your whole family go to the same practice. Many people like to go to a family practice so their children, spouse, and other loved ones of any age can all see the same physician. Clearly, an internist cannot provide this advantage unless your children are already adults. Therefore, if you seek the convenience of all seeing the same doctor, you should go to a family-oriented office first, and then switch to a specialist if you need to.

Knowing these facts may help you decide whether to go to an office of internal medicine or stick with someone who can treat your whole family at any age. You will need to weigh the pros and cons, considering both your health and insurance coverage while you are at it. Of course, you can always change your mind when necessary after you make your choice.

Internal Medicine Doctor Sub-Specialties

Internal medicine doctors are those who take care of adult patients. Their study focuses on one or several portions of the human body. The term “internal medicine” came from a German word meaning a physician who combines research with patient care. These physicians are extremely well trained in diagnostics, treatment and prevention of illnesses, so much that they often serve as consultants to others in the medical field.

Within this classification of doctors, there are thirteen sub-specialties which require an additional one to three years of education. They are:

1) Cardiologist: In the specialty of cardiology, a practitioner would care for all that is related to a person’s heart and pulmonary system. Heart disease and stroke are some of the most prevalent killers in today’s world, so the expertise of these docs is widely sought after.

2) Sports medicine: Whether injuries are from running, tennis, football, soccer, or any other malady that occurs due to physical fitness regimes, these practitioners are adept at health care for weekend warriors and professional athletes.

3) Adolescent Medicine: Adolescents may not be considered to be fully grown adults, but many of their bodies have reached physical maturity. When a teen has outgrown the pediatrician’s office, he or she may seek health care from this brand of internist.

4) Allergist: Allergies and immune issues are taken care of by this category of doctor. Allergy testing and immune response require precision and skill in diagnosing proper steps and treatments to alleviate symptoms.

5) Geriatrics: With the aging of our population, many elderly people need the skill of an internist within the geriatric classification.

6) Gastroenterology: The intestinal tract and colon are kept healthy or treated when problems occur by this group of internist physicians.

7) Infection disease: Illnesses aren’t always so easy to treat due to today’s super-bugs and antibiotic resistant strains of disease. Internists can help contain these contagious infectious strains.

8) Hematologists: These physicians study the blood and take care of diseases and conditions which are related to it.

9) Rheumatology: Arthritis affects many people in the form of swollen and painful joints. Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis sufferers often seek help from these internal medicine specialists as needed.

10) Pulmonologist: The lungs can be afflicted with everything from chronic asthma to emphysema. These specialists can help their patients to breathe more easily.

11) Oncologists: Cancer specialists help with the diagnosis and treatment of cancerous development in nearly every body part. Chemotherapy and radiation are the normal courses of treatments to shrink tumors and destroy cancer cells.

12) Kidney Specialists: These internists are called Nephrologists. The kidneys must be kept well-functioning in order to clear away toxins from a body. When kidneys shut down, the body goes into deep distress.

13) Endocrinology: Diabetes has risen sharply in the United States due to a variety of reasons including unhealthy diets, lifestyle and stress. Endocrinologists treat diabetics and those with glandular disorders.

Internal medicine doctors can offer their broad and deep range of knowledge in all of the above subcategories. Patients and other health care providers often come to them for answers.

Internal Medicine – Thirteen Lucky Doctors Who Practice In This Field

Have you ever wondered what internal medicine entails? Here are 13 doctors who are practitioners within this classification.

These specialists care for adults in a variety of sub-categories. They are so highly skilled at prevention, diagnostics and treatment of health issues that other physicians often seek out their guidance. When a person hears the classification “internal medicine,” he or she may not know exactly what it is. Some have the mistaken assumption that this is referring to someone who is studying to be a physician. This is incorrect, as the newcomer they are thinking of is an intern.

People also may think it’s a medical specialty dealing with internal rather than external organs. This is also an incorrect guess. This term actually came from the German language and refers to a doctor who does research as well as patient care. Here are 13 sub-categories of this field:

1) Endocrinologists: These specialists focus on glandular maladies and diabetes. Many Americans have needed to seek treatment due to the rise of diabetic conditions. Stress and unhealthy nutrition are two culprits responsible for the rise in these diseases.

2) Oncologists: Oncologists focus on the eradication of cancer. After pinpointing that cancer is indeed present in a patient’s body, a plan for knocking it out is set up. This plan may entail radiation and a series of chemical injections called chemotherapy.

3) Nephrologists: Nephrologists are those that take care of kidney disorder and improper functioning within the body. Functioning kidneys are imperative for a body’s well-being.

4) Hematologists: Hematologists are those practitioners who focus on the blood and all that is related to it.

5) Pulmonologist: A pulmonologist handles all breathing disorders including asthma, chronic bronchitis and other ailments pertaining to the lungs.

6) Rheumatologists: Osteoarthritis sufferers and rheumatoid arthritis sufferers seek help from rheumatologists. Stiffening joints due to inflammation can cause pain and lack of mobility.

7) Infectious Disease Experts: Many diseases are harder to treat than ever due to antibiotic resistance and new strains.

8) Cardiologist: A cardiologist deals with the heart and all things related to coronary issues. Clogged arteries, high blood pressure and heart attacks are managed by this professional.

9) Gastroenterologists: The digestive system, including the intestine, colon, stomach, and pancreas are studied and treated by this expert. Prevention, testing, dietary guidance and surgical interventions are all included within this specialty.

10) Geriatrics: As the population continues to age into more advanced decades, geriatric practitioners are able to keep these elderly healthier.

11) Allergists: Allergies can be brought on by anything from food, the environment or season. These doctors are able to pinpoint problem areas and make a treatment plan accordingly.

12) Sports Medicine: Many ailments stem from athletic strain or injury. Athletes seek a practitioner who understands their sport and how to help them heal after accidents or injuries.

13) Adolescent Specialist: Although internal medicine doctors focus mainly on care of adults, some expand their practice to include adolescents who are fully grown in some ways but still immature in others.

There are many competent and well trained internal medicine specialists who are able to treat an array of maladies. A family doctor is often able to recommend a good one.